Preventive controls

Preventive controls are broader than the safeguards of the International Atomic Energy Agency, which are primarily intended to deter diversion of nuclear materials through detection once diversion has taken place, and which apply only to certain civilian nuclear facilities. Preventive measures that have been proposed include materials held in the military and civilian sectors and concentrate on physical protection of and restricted physical access to “special nuclear material” (containment and surveillance). Such controls may include the establishment of procedures for transport, treatment, storage and disposal of such materials. Preventive controls will contribute to the internationalization of the nuclear fuel cycle, eliminating national access to the greatest extent possible.

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